From the backyard retiree to the show hunter Pine Meadow Equine Service, P.C. strives to provide high quality and compassionate veterinary care for your horse. Our patients benefit from on-site radiology/ultrasound and in-house bloodwork diagnostic capabilities.

We offer a large variety of services from routine vaccination and dentistry, to detailed lameness work-ups. We also offer reproductive services, nutritional counseling, pre-purchase exams and everything in-between. Our veterinarians are on-call for emergencies 24/7 with direct access via electronic pager.

Pre-Purchase Exam

Any time you are purchasing a horse, regardless of the price or use, it is recommended to have a veterinarian perform a pre-purchase exam. During this exam, the veterinarian can determine the overall health of the animal and identify any potential or existing issues that may affect the horse’s health or limit it’s intended use. Pre-purchase exams range from very basic general health/soundness exams to very thorough exams involving a full range of x-rays and/or ultrasound. Several factors influence the extent of the exam including pre-existing conditions, age of the horse, intended use and insurance requirements. We will customize the exam to give you piece of mind about your purchase decision and confidence about your investment.

Insurance Exams

Equine insurance can be a valuable asset! Several companies offer equine mortality and/or “loss of use” policies for the horse owner. Although there are often minimum assessed values for loss of use insurance, horses of any value can be insured for equine mortality. Depending on the coverage required, the policy and the insurance company, a health exam and/or x-rays may be required. Please call the office if you would like more information on horse insurance or to schedule an exam for your horse.

Lameness Exams

Although we hope our horses always walk out of their fields or stalls happy and sound, horses are horses, and there are a variety of situations that can cause a horse to “limp” or be lame. Pine Meadow Equine Services, PC provides lameness exams ranging from basic evaluations through the most extensive imaging available today. Our goal it to find the source of the problem and fix it. We want every horse to be back at the top of their game as soon as possible. For advanced imaging such as MRI and Nuclear Scans (required for some of the most complicated cases), we offer referral to some of Virginia’s premier referral centers.

Routine wellness care encompasses the basic medical needs of physical evaluation, vaccination, oral health / dentistry, and parasite evaluation / de-worming. In an otherwise sound and healthy horse, these are the mainstays of preventative medicine to ensure maximal protection from the basic health concerns which may impact your horse. Horses with specific medical concerns such as metabolic disorders, chronic founder, other systemic diseases or horses in heavy competition should have their routine care tailored to fit their specific needs.


The following is a list of recommended vaccines for the practice area covered by Pine Meadow Equine Service, PC. This list represents our basic recommendations for protecting your horse. It may be modified based on your horse’s individual conditions, showing schedule, barn/farm requirements or feeding practices. If you have any questions regarding these recommendations or on customizing a program for your horse, please call our office to speak with one of our veterinarians.

  • Eastern and Western Encephalomyelitis (EEE/WEE)
    • Causes severe neurological symptoms in horses
    • Fatal in over 90% of cases of EEE and approximately 50% of cases of WEE in unvaccinated horses
    • Transmitted to horses via mosquitoes
    • Vaccination
      • Severely decreases clinical symptoms and improves survivability in appropriately vaccinated horses
      • Twice yearly prior to times when mosquitoes are most prevalent (February, May)
      • Initial series is given to foals at 4 months of age
  • Tetanus
    • Causes rigidity of the muscles due to toxin affecting nerves
    • Neurotoxin produced by bacteria (Clostridium tetani)
    • Usually enters via a wound
    • Vaccination
      • At least annually, usually given as a combination vaccine with EEE/WEE
      • Anytime there is a penetrating wound
      • Initial series is given to foals at  4 months of age
  • West Nile Virus
    • Causes profound depression, neurologic behavior and often death
    • Transmitted via mosquitoes
    • Vaccination lessens clinical signs and improves survivability
    • Vaccination
      • Twice yearly prior to times when mosquitoes are most prevalent (February, August)
      • Initial series is given to foals at 4 months of age
  • Rhinopneumonitis (Equine Herpes Virus 1/4)
    • Can cause neurological and/or respiratory disease in all horses, and can cause abortion in pregnant mares
    • Virus is contracted by inhalation, contact with contaminated equipment or contact with infected fetal membranes from abortions
    • Virus can lay dormant in horses for months to years
    • Vaccination
      • Specific to age group, likely exposure, and show schedule
      • At least twice yearly for all horses and potentially more often in horses who are at high risk
      • Broodmares are vaccinated in the 5th, 7th and 9th month of pregnancy
      • Initial vaccination given to foals at 6 – 12  months of age
  • Influenza
    • Causes respiratory disease
    • Virus is contracted by inhalation or contact with contaminated equipment
    • Younger horses more severely affected
    • Increased incidence in the fall and on farms with show/sale traffic
    • Vaccination
      • Twice yearly for most horses (February, August)
      • Vaccination more often is recommended for horses who are at high risk
  • Rabies
    • Signs in large animal species are much more variable than in small animal species
    • Can show signs acutely or slowly progressive
    • Once the animals show clinical signs, prognosis is grave
    • Saliva of affected horse can transmit disease to humans via open wounds on skin of human
    • Vaccination
      • Annual vaccination
      • Initial vaccination given to foals at 4 months of age
  • Potomac Horse Fever
    • Horses most commonly affected May-November
    • Causes mild to severe illness with fever, colic and/or diarrhea
    • Laminitis can be induced from high fevers
    • Vaccination
      • Twice yearly for all horses (April and August) or targeted vaccination immediately before peak season
      • Initial vaccination given to foals at 6 – 12  months of age